[1][2] They immigrated to the United States in 1923, when Eero was thirteen. His now iconic plastic creations include the Ball (1963), the Pastil (1968), and the Bubble (1968) chairs which echo… [12][page needed] In 2019 the terminal was transformed into the TWA Hotel.[13][14][15]. The partial sphere is a “handkerchief ” dome resting on three points. He joined his father’s practice in Bloomfield Hills in 1938, and one year later their collaborative design—tranquil yet monumental—for the mall in Washington, D.C., won first prize in the Smithsonian Institution Gallery of Art competition. [32] The exhibition was accompanied by the book Eero Saarinen: Shaping the Future. [20], Saarinen became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1940. (Aline Bernstein), 1914-1972", "The Eero Saarinen Masterpiece No One Sees: IBM Manufacturing and Training Facility in Rochester, Minnesota", "Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977", "A Finding Aid to the Aline and Eero Saarinen Papers, 1906-1977, in the Archives of American Art", "Finding aid for the Eero Saarinen collection", About the Film - Eero Saarinen: The Architect Who Saw the Future | American Masters | PBS, "Saarinen rising: A Much-Maligned Modernist Finally Gets His Due", "Your Guide to Vintage Danish Mid Century Modern Furniture & Designers", Trans World Airlines Unit Terminal Building, New York International Airport, architectural drawings, 1958-1961, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, "UM School of Music, Theatre & Dance – About Us – Facilities", Digital Collections: Eero Saarinen Collection. His modernistic creation reflected the connection of ground to sky, and Saarinen was also attempting to express ―the movement and excitement of modern travel by air.‖• Eero Saarinen: Shaping the Future is organized by the Finnish Cultural Institute in New York, The Museum of Finnish Architecture, Helsinki, and the National Building Museum, Washington, D.C., with the support of the Yale University School of Architecture. In 1962, Saarinen first appeared on television, discussing art. In 1948 Saarinen created a womblike chair using a glass fibre shell upholstered in foam rubber and fabric. In the 11 years that he survived his father, Saarinen’s own work included a series of dramatically different designs that displayed a richer and more diverse vocabulary. Aline stayed with the firm while unfinished projects were completed and in 1962 edited the book Eero Saarinen on His Work. That same year Saarinen married Aline Bernstein Louchheim, an art critic at The New York Times, with whom he had a son, Eames, named after Saarinen's collaborator Charles Eames. [3] He had a close relationship with fellow students Charles and Ray Eames, and became good friends with Florence Knoll (née Schust). The Classics Saarinen Collection. He was exploratory in his thinking and committed to research on every level. His best-known works are the Gateway Arch and the TWA terminal at JFK Airport. While to some it proclaimed virtuosity over logic, Saarinen believed that “we must have an emotional reason as well as a logical end for everything we do.” Later Saarinen designed Dulles International Airport (1958–62), outside Washington, D.C., with a hanging roof suspended from diagonal supports. [1][2] He grew up in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, where his father taught and was dean of the Cranbrook Academy of Art, and he took courses in sculpture and furniture design there. Saarinen also designed the popular pedestal (tulip) table and chair and the … In 1949–50, Saarinen was hired by the then-new Brandeis University to create a master plan for the campus. The GM Technical Center was constructed in 1956, with Saarinen using models, which allowed him to share his ideas with others and gather input from other professionals. The son of famous Finnish architect Eliel Saarinen, Eero Saarinen grew up in Michigan where his father served as the dean of the Cranbrook Academy of Art. They im­mi­grated to the United States in 1923, when Eero was thirteen. They immigrated to the United States in 1923, when Eero was thirteen. The story of Saarinen winning the 1948 competition for this monument, instead of his father is well-known, but less so is the controversy Eero's winning design generated when it was first published. Pedestal (tulip) table and chairs designed by Eero Saarinen, 1957. He was the principal partner from 1950 until his death. Saarinen was recruited by Donal McLaughlin, an architectural school friend from his Yale days, to join the military service in the Office of Strategic Services (OSS). including a major exhibition and several books. [10] Saarinen did build a few residential structures on the campus, including Ridgewood Quadrangle (1950), Sherman Student Center (1952) and Shapiro Dormitory at Hamilton Quadrangle (1952). [26], The papers of Aline and Eero Saarinen, from 1906 to 1977,[27] were donated in 1973 to the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution (by Charles Alan, Aline Saarinen's brother and executor of her estate[28]). Eero was the son of the noted architect Eliel Saarinen and Loja Gesellius, a textile designer and sculptor. The competition award was mistakenly sent to his father because both he and his father had entered the competition separately. A son, Eames, was born later that year. This partnership was dissolved in 1947, and a new partnership of Saarinen, Saarinen and Associates was then formed that lasted until the elder Saarinen’s death. Saarinen first received critical recognition while still working for his father, for a chair designed together with Charles Eames for the Organic Design in Home Furnishings competition in 1940, for which they received first prize. Eero Saarinen’s professional work in the United States began in 1936 with research on housing and city planning with the Flint Institute of Research and Planning in Flint, Michigan. Apr 7, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Andrew Jennings. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. In 1941 he and the designer-architect Charles Eames won a national furniture award for a chair design in molded plywood. When the committee sent out the letter stating Saarinen had won the competition, it was mistakenly addressed to his father. 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