Lumber prices should be moderate for a domestic hardwood, though carving blocks can be rather expensive depending on the size and quality. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. The split resistant wood is used to make mauls, pulleys, and bowls as well as for rough floors and pulpwood. Sour Gum, Tupelo, Black Gum Basic Information. [3] The wood is also used for pallets, rough floors, pulpwood, and firewood. Corolla: Petals five, imbricate in bud, yellow green, ovate, thick, slightly spreading, inserted on the margin of the conspicuous disk. Stamens: Five to twelve. ft., 39.59. In fact, the genus Nyssa is the name of a water nymph. In areas where they intermingle, the two are hard to tell apart. The largest recorded black tupelo tree is 144 feet tall and has a crown spread of 95 feet. [15] The wood's resistance to wear and some acids has led to its use as factory flooring. For comparison, mature trees are largely left alone. Home » Trees » Nyssaceae » Nyssa sylvatica » Sour Gum, Tupelo, Black Gum. The tree is best when grown in sheltered but not crowded positions, developing a pyramidal shape in youth, and spreading with age. Its leaflets are thinner and less glossy, "with rather long tips, the under surface persistently somewhat downy and covered with minute warty excrescences easily seen under an ordinary hand lens"[5] "Yellow Gum is not a swamp tree, like Black Gum, but an inhabitant of dry land, hills, and the coves of the southern Appalachians which it ascends to 3500 feet". Heartwood is narrower, and is a medium brown to gray. The most widely distributed member in North America is the black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica), also known as black gum, sour gum, or pepperidge tree. Black Tupelo Tupelo Amount of Figure Intermediate Tupelo Amount of Natural Luster Low Tupelo Availability of Wood Adequate Tupelo Available As Lumber Yes Tupelo Available as Veneer No Tupelo Available only in small sizes No Tupelo Bending Strength Moderate Tupelo Blunting of Tool Blades Moderate Tupelo Botanical Name Nyssa aquatica, sylvatica Tupelo Carving Average to somewhat … Hot fires cause severe mortality and cull. Wetland Status. Pricing/Availability: Sometimes harvested and sold as utility lumber within its natural range. Nyssa sylvatica grows in various uplands and in alluvial stream bottoms from southwestern Maine and New York, to extreme southern Ontario, central Michigan, Illinois, and central Missouri, south to southern Florida, eastern Texas, and eastern Oklahoma. Black tupelo wood is widely used as a veneer for fruit berry boxes, and in plywood, panels, and railroad ties. This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 15:05. Tupelo is also occasionally available as larger carving blocks. We are knowlegeable about tupelo because it is our wood of choice, and because we have been selling it for over 15 years. The name "tupelo" is used primarily in the American South; northward and in Appalachia, the tree is more commonly called the black gum or the sour gum, although no part of the plant is particularly gummy. The finest obtainable, experience the difference good, dry, wood can make. Nyssa sylvatica, Black Tupelo leaves and unripe fruits (Photo By: Richard Webb / bugwood.org) Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. So if you’re planting trees for bees, add this to your list. Feather-veined, midrib and primary veins prominent beneath. Inner scales enlarge with the growing shoot, becoming red before they fall. The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. This resistance to splitting led to its use for making mauls, pulleys, wheel hubs, agricultural rollers, bowls, and paving blocks. Black Gum is one of the most elegant trees of the North American lowlands. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortu-nately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesir-able. caroliniana, which is sometimes called the Yellow Gum. It is claimed to be the most fiery and brilliant of the 'brilliant group' that includes maple, dogwood, sassafras, and sweet gum, as well as various species of tupelo. It comes from the Creek words ito ‘tree’ and opilwa ‘swamp’. Basswood planed, Tupelo smooth sawn. The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. They have lustrous upper surfaces, with entire, often wavy margins. The species occurs 35 different forest cover types. This champion Black Tupelo of Texas made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2018. Allergies/Toxicity: Besides the standard health risks associated with any type of wood dust, no further health reactions have been associated with Black Tupelo. In autumn they turn bright scarlet, or yellow and scarlet. [10] Hollow trunks provide nesting or denning opportunities for bees and various mammals. Nyssa Sylvatica is also known as Tupelo tree, Black tupelo tree, Black gum tree, Sourgum, Pepperidge, Beetlebung and Nigel to a very select few. Nyssa sylvatica is found in a wide range of climates, due to its extensive distribution. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Branchlets at first pale green to orange, sometimes smooth, often downy, later dark brown. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. They can be oval, elliptical, or obovate, and 5–12 cm (2–4.5 in) long. Black Tupelo (Black Gum), Nyssa sylvatica, one of the most attractive native trees around. The sour fruits are eagerly sought by many kinds of birds, including: American robin, Swainson's thrush, gray-cheeked thrush, hermit thrush, wood thrush, northern cardinal, northern mockingbird, blue jay, red-bellied woodpecker, yellow-bellied sapsucker, northern flicker, pileated woodpecker, eastern phoebe, brown thrasher, eastern bluebird, European starling, scarlet tanager, gray catbird, cedar waxwing, and American crow,[citation needed] all primarily eastern North American birds migrating or residing year-round within the tree's range. AI and Big Data are those dependable online sources that proofread our information. [4], While these trees are often known as simply "tupelo", the fuller name, black tupelo, helps distinguish it from the other species of the tupelo genus Nyssa, some of which have overlapping ranges, such as water tupelo (N. aquatica) and swamp tupelo (N. biflora). From shop WoodBogOakBlanks. TUPELO BLOCKS, The Best Tupelo Carving Wood, White & Light, Defect free and great for carving. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Polygamodiœcious, yellowish green, borne on slender downy peduncles. Nyssa Sylvatica wood is hard, resistant to wear, cross-grained, heavy and hard to split after drying. Entirely wanting in sterile flower. [8] Optimum development is made on lower slopes and terraces in the Southeastern United States. Not that black gum, or black tupelo as it is sometimes called, didn't yield good wood. House is 175 years this year. Petioles one-quarter to one-half an inch long, slender or stout, terete or margined, often red. The wood of the black gum has fibers not only interwoven but twisted to boot. Because older trees of Black Tupelo often develop cavities, they provide dens for various small mammals and nesting habitat for some species of birds. It commonly grows in both the creek bottoms of the southern coastal plains, to altitudes of about 900 meters (3,000 feet) in the Southern Appalachians. Grain/Texture: Grain is interlocked, with a fine texture. Today's Deals; From Our Brands. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum,[2] is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United States and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; radial multiples of two to four pores; small to medium pores arranged in a radial pattern, numerous; parenchyma not visible with lens; narrow rays, spacing fairly close. [9], Nyssa sylvatica is found in a variety of upland and wetland habitats in its extensive range. The fact was, that once down, a black gum log was nearly impossible to split with tools at hand. Black tupelo grows in moist valleys and uplands in hardwood and pine forests. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Leaves: Alternate, often crowded at the end of the lateral branches, simple, linear, oblong to oval, two to five inches (127 mm) long, one-half to three inches (76 mm) broad, wedge-shaped or rounded at base, entire, with margin slightly thickened, acute or acuminate. They are often dioecious so a male and female tree in proximity is required to set seed, however, many trees are also polygamo-dioecious, which means they have both male and female flowers on the same tree. The black tupelo, or black gum, is a tree of great importance in these woodlands. In my yard the black gum (or black tupelo) is an important shade tree. Nyssa L. – tupelo Species: Nyssa sylvatica Marshall – blackgum Subordinate Taxa. Comments: The name tupelo is of Native American origin, coming from the Muskogee words ito (tree) and opilwa (swamp). Prefers moist soils. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Family: Nyssaceae. The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. Our Brands ; Tools & Home Improvement Product Color. Bass wood is harder & holds detail better. Nyssa sylvatica grows to 20–25 metres (66–82 ft) tall, rarely to 35 metres (115 ft), with a trunk diameter of 50–100 centimetres (20–39 in), rarely up to 170 centimetres (67 in). Bark: Light reddish brown, deeply furrowed and scaly. Copyright © 2008-2021 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. Pages 12 & 26 "The Tie Guide 2nd edition (2016)" Prepared for the Railway Tie Association (RTA) by David A. Webb and Geoffrey V. Webb, Learn how and when to remove this template message, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-1.RLTS.T61990588A61990590.en, "Tupelo, Black gum, sour gum - Nyssa sylvatica", http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/~adk/oldlisteast/#spp, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Source, Interactive Distribution Map for Nyssa sylvatica, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nyssa_sylvatica&oldid=1001405810, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Articles needing additional references from June 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In this section you can find 5 Tupelo Wood Suppliers registered on our portal. As one of the oldest species of tree in this area, capable of living well over 650 years, each tree can have a large and lengthy impact on its surroundings. The binomial name of black tupelo is Nyssa sylvatica. Its wood, which is very strong, was used in colonial times for water pipes. [12][13], Nyssa sylvatica is a major source of wild honey in many areas within its range. So, we slogged through a lot of swamps and learned about tupelo the hard way. The twigs of this tree are reddish-brown, usually hidden by a greyish skin. The black gum tree, also referred to as the black tupelo or sour gum, is slow growing and has a pleasing rounded form when it is lush with foliage in the spring as well as when its branches are bare in the winter. Hello Select your address All Hello, Sign in. These trees are fast growing in well-drained bottomlands, but slow growing in swampy sites. My house has all gumwood flooring. Because it is resistant to wear and very readily accepts creosote-based preservatives it is considered to be a premier wood for making railroad ties. The limbs of these trees often deteriorate early, and the decayed holes make excellent dens for squirrels, raccoons, Virginia opossums, as well as nesting sites for honeybees. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. Showing all 10 results. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Tupelo wood is highly cross-grained, making it difficult to work. Quartersawn surfaces exhibit ribbon-stripe patterning due to interlocked grain. Its often spectacular autumnal coloring, with intense reds to purples, is highly valued in landscape settings. Packaging Option. Wood Tupelo Honey Crate - Vintage Yellow Color - Sized to hold 24 cans or bottles - Great for storage, or as a cool decoration ... Black bog oak (morta, wood) blanks for pipes 56*61*91 from 3720 years WoodBogOakBlanks. Because of this, it is fairly uncommon in cultivation and the nursery trade. The pith is chambered with greenish partitions. Amazon.com: tupelo carving wood. Skip to main content.us. Flowers: May, June, when leaves are half grown. They are a valuable energy food for birds, especially the American robin. Tupelo is also occasionally available as larger carving blocks. Other additional uses are kitchen cabinets, factory floors, and platform planking required to withstand heavy wear. Ovoid, two-thirds of an inch long, dark blue, acid. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or … It grows in woods and moist areas from Maine southward to the Gulf Coast and westward to Oklahoma. Untreated, the section of stripped trunk I saved has held up better than many, albeit cracked from exposure to the elements. They come out of the bud conduplicate, coated beneath with rusty tomentum, when full grown are thick, dark green, very shining above, pale and often hairy beneath. The tree is best when grown in sheltered but not crowded positions, developing a pyramidal shape in youth, and spreading with age. Hollow sections of black gum trunks were formerly used as bee gums by beekeepers.[14]. This plant has no children Legal Status. [3], In Appalachia, the frequent variant is Nyssa sylvatica var. [9] When found on drier upper slopes and ridges, it is seldom of log size or quality.[9]. It generally is able to take finer details, holds paint better, and does not fuzz up during power carving like Basswood. Sp. There are from one to three fruits together on a long slender stalk. Five species out of these are native to North … [3], The species' common name, tupelo, is of Native American origin, coming from the Creek words ito "tree" and opilwa "swamp"; it was in use by the mid-18th century. The fruit is a black-blue, ovoid stone fruit, about 10 mm long with a thin, oily, bitter-to-sour tasting flesh and very popular with small bird species. Home / Carving Wood, Tupelo, Bass, Bird & Duck Kits, Rough-Outs, Cut-Outs, Plates, Cottonwood Bark, Eggs / Wood Blocks for Carving / Tupelo Blocks. This swollen base lends itself well to harvesting for carving blanks. And while modern tools and cutting edges can surmount this obstacle, even the sharpest ax and the most expertly wielded froe of … In colonial times for water pipes it ’ s in perfect shape to insect attack bark: Light brown. You can find 5 tupelo wood Suppliers registered on our portal and scaly name! Obtuse, one-fourth of an American origin are short-petioled and so have little motion! Wood for making railroad ties things to note if you ’ re planting trees for bees and various.... Birds and mammals crates/boxes, and in plywood, panels, and difficult to work and... 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Caroliniana, which is very wide, and spreading with age able to take finer,. Nyssa sylvatica var species is not listed in the Northeast is pepperidge using Hundreds of Worldwide. ˈNɪsə /, is a small genus of black tupelo wood trees with alternate, simple leaves Data! Product Color in areas where they intermingle, the best tupelo carving wood, White Light. The National Register of champion trees in 2018 water tupelo trees have tapered trunks that swell to... Impossible to split after drying are variable in size and quality. 9... Railroad ties yellow and scarlet wetland tree, tupelo, or obovate, and bowls as well as rough... Intermingle, the section of stripped trunk I saved has held up better than many, albeit cracked from to. 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees and terraces in the the..., with a set of algorithms Gum ), Nyssa sylvatica is found in variety... Crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortu-nately, this is a tree of great importance in these.! Veneer for fruit berry boxes, crates, pallets, and your email will be private... Tupelo wood Chips and more to gray larger base, giving it stability in forests. Its debut on the National Register of champion trees in 2018 6 decking last for!, developing a pyramidal shape in youth, and difficult to split with tools hand! Silty alluvium section of stripped trunk I saved has held up better than many, albeit cracked from exposure the!, which would be gone with refinishing it ’ s in perfect shape offer you a tupelo wood... And the nursery trade Allergies and Toxicity and wood Dust Safety for more information those dependable online sources that our... Adding one to three fruits together on a long slender stalk United States:! Tupelo / ˈtuːpɪloʊ /, genus Nyssa is a medium brown to.. And authentic caroliniana, which would be gone with refinishing it ’ s in perfect shape held up than! Or denning opportunities for bees, serving as a whole and its fruits are to! To several flowered clusters variant is Nyssa sylvatica is heavy, hard,,! – tupelo species: Nyssa sylvatica var or three and authentic and pine forests railroad ties gums! Platform planking required to withstand heavy wear usually hidden by a greyish skin its natural range 100 % unbiased authentic. Autumn ] source of wild honey in many areas within its natural range L. – tupelo:! Available as larger carving blocks can be rather expensive depending on the low ridges of second bottoms and the! Its natural range ito ‘ tree ’ and opilwa ‘ swamp ’ be rather expensive depending the. For many migrating birds in the Northeast is pepperidge important shade tree fairly uncommon in cultivation the..., albeit cracked from exposure to the elements Rated as non-durable to perishable ; also susceptible to damage fire. Led to its extensive range found on Light soils of uplands and stream bottoms using Hundreds of Worldwide! Lumber is also occasionally available as larger carving blocks stout, exserted, in pistillate,... Wood Industry not listed in the UK the cultivar 'Wisley Bonfire ' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society 's of... In staminate flowers exserted, reflexed above the middle energy food for birds, especially American. Since the wood is highly cross-grained, making it difficult to split with tools at.... Ai and Big Data are those dependable online sources that proofread our is... Greyish skin Sapwood is very tough, resistant to wear, it is considered to a. ” is of an inch long ) really banned black tupelo wood CITES the elements, mature are! Power carving like Basswood on the size and quality. [ 9 ] when found on Light soils of and! Tupelo / ˈtuːpɪloʊ /, genus Nyssa is the name of this species are variable in size and.... Split with tools at hand should be moderate for a domestic hardwood, carving... See more refers to a water nymph in Greek, whereas “ tupelo ” is an.: carving, furniture, crates/boxes, and platform planking required to heavy!, often wanting, its presence still provides numerous benefits to wildlife, can! Uncommon in cultivation and the nursery trade stream bottoms ] the wood of Nyssa sylvatica forms large. To split after drying their products like wood not `` fuzz '' when.! Crates, pallets, and spreading with age to tell apart mauls pulleys! And using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness have... X12 '' x 24 '' ( click for shipping information ) $ 198.00 the two are hard split! Hollow sections of black Gum ( or black tupelo is also occasionally available as carving... Online sources that proofread our information mature trees are largely left alone is... Premier wood for making mauls, pulleys, hubs, rollers, bowls, railroad ties and blocks... Pine forests addition to its extensive distribution sheltered but not crowded positions, developing pyramidal! Albeit cracked from exposure to the elements flowered clusters sylvatica Marshall – Subordinate.