&Harris,2000) and spirituality and thriving (Lerner, Roeser,&Phelps,2008;Warren,Lerner,&Phelps,2012). Learn more. A comprehensive study of a child’s religious and spiritual development requires investigating the diverse array of children’s spiritual experiences and children’s phenomenological understanding of those experiences. "I remember a child telling me she didn't believe in God. A Standard of Living for Development,” edited by Arlene Andrews and Natalie Kaufman. Journal of Clinical Nursing 13, 934–941. Daniel is a bubbly 2-year-old. I chose these theories to compare and contrast as they have influenced the educational system in North America. Pioneer in child trauma and spirituality – Garbarino (1996) „Asserts that the experience of childhood traumatization functions as a kind of "reverse religious experience," a process combining overwhelming arousal and overwhelming cognitions that threatens core "meaningfulness" for the child. Spirituality and child development: a concept analysis Spirituality and child development: a concept analysis Smith, Joanna; McSherry, Wilfred 2004-02-01 00:00:00 Background. Children’s spirituality: epistemology and theory from various helping professions. International Journal of Palliative Nursing. And fairness is a highly important concept to early elementary-school-age children. Children are more likely to become adults who identify with their cultural and spiritual heritage if they grow up feeling included in cultural and spiritual communities. Background. Families’ health care beliefs should be respected and considered when planning care. Commentary on Fawcett T and Noble A (2004) The challenge of spiritual care in a multi‐faith society experienced as a Christian nurse. The aims of this paper are to explore spiritual awareness in children by providing examples of the expression of spiritual beliefs in relation to the developmental stage of the child, and to identify the implications of the findings for clinical practice. If spirituality is universal to all of human development, it must benefit all children, whether their ecological context is Catholic, Protestant, Unitarian, Mormon, Baha’i, Jewish, Buddhist, Muslim, Agnostic, or otherwise. Discusses the role of religion and spirituality in trauma treatment and recovery. Gratitude is a time-honored spiritual path that works regardless of your beliefs about the … Research shows that home-based practices, whether prayers at bedtime, lighting Shabbat candles on Friday nights, or setting up a creche at Christmas, have an even greater impact on a child's development of faith. Background. Your use of the site indicates your agreement to be bound by our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. If you and your partner have different beliefs, it's wise to decide how you'll approach spirituality with your child now – before he's old enough to get confused by your differing opinions. Background. View Essay - COUN 515 Spirituality and Child Development.pptx from COUN 515 at Liberty University. What should we know about the developmental stages? Recording the Users’ Brain Waves in Manmade Religious Environments Based on Psychological Assessment of Form in Creation/Enhancement of Spiritual Sense. However, the meaningful application of spiritual care in everyday practice is fraught with difficulties. Many families think that taking children to church services or to Hebrew school are the most valuable parts of religious training. Number of times cited according to CrossRef: Proposing a conceptual framework of spiritual care competence for Chinese nurses. Your partner in parenting from baby name inspiration to college planning. Journal of Clinical Nursing 13, 136–142. There are three areas of spiritual learning: skills, beliefs, and evolution. She said, 'I can't see God or hear God, so I know there is no God.'". Mike Mason, in his book The Mystery of Children, writes, "The way to be a good parent is by growing in childlike faith and the way to become childlike is to love a child. Rather than point your child in "the right direction," it's best to encourage him or her to express thoughts or question religious principles without becoming judgmental. Thompson and Randall say that spiritual development “concerns the broad search for transcendental meaning that may be as simple as a young child’s inquiries into how the world came into being or as complex as a theologian’s metaphysical analysis.” “Faith development” is the development … Tell me more," will encourage children to express their own ideas. How do we measure spiritual and religious development in children and adolescents? He recalls his own son, at five, becoming deeply reflective while watching a campfire during a family trip. One way this is demonstrated is in the view that spiritual development encourages positive coping skills and methods of adaptation especially with respect to the negative incidents we encounter. Chapter 27: Spiritual Development and Adolescent Well Being and Thriving; Chapter 28: Religion, Spirituality, and Children's Physical Health; Part VI: Toward the Future in Practice, Policy, and Research. Investigating the Effect of Religious and Islamic Teachings on the Calmness and Mental Health in Educational Spaces. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science. We do not have to play out the tendencies and attitudes that have influenced us. Perspectives on spirituality at the end of life: A meta-summary. Children’s Spiritual Development By Ross A. Thompson and Brandy Randall Source: “Implementing the U.N. Convention on the Rights of the Child. Definition of Spiritual Development spirituality in children/adolescents by educating the 'whole child', Spirituality, is indeed an aspect of human development and and not neglecting this aspect of their development. The beliefs, practices, social networks and resources of religion can strengthen children by instilling hope, by giving meaning to difficult experiences and by providing emotional, physical and spiritual support. Thinking wryly of the thousands of dollars she was spending for the child's private-school education, Rudy's mother gently reminded him that he was Jewish, "and most Jewish people don't believe that Jesus is God's son." Definitional ceremonies: Narrative practices for psychologists to inform interdisciplinary teams’ understanding of children’s spirituality in pediatric settings. A Standard of Living for Development,” edited by Arlene Andrews and Natalie Kaufman. The Spiritual Child speaks of “authentic spirituality,” which involves all the hallmarks of authentic religion, i.e. Spiritual thoughts and feelings are an integral part of the emotional growth process for young children. BACKGROUND If children are to be given the opportunity to develop to their full potential, fostering spiritual growth must be part of the process of caring for them. overall human health, all but ignored in the annals of child psychology, though, "there is a growing body of evidence Even children who are not raised in a religious home are likely to ask spiritual questions. Abstract. ", Ratcliff's own research and experience as a parent have led him to believe that many children actively search for spiritual understanding, beginning at a young age. Many of you do not yet understand the distinction of your inner child and the role they play in your everyday creations and emotions. Development and validation of the elder’s spiritual health scale. Factors affecting nursing staff in practising spiritual care. For some, it's primarily about participation in organized religion. Every corner is a cave to explore, every object a new treasure. Waltham: Elsevier. The four theories relating to child development I chose for discussion are Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory, Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development, Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory, and Erikson’s Psycho-Social Theory of Development. In addition to a lack of understanding of the term itself and of the expression of spirituality, in child health these difficulties are further compounded by the stage of a child's development. The past decade has also seen a spate of special journal issues on religious and spiritual development (Boyatzis, 2003), religion and spirituality in the family (Boyatzis, 2006a), and religion and spirituality … In addition to a lack of understanding of the term itself and of the expression of spirituality, in child health these … To Ratcliff, the story is a reminder that even very young children have the ability to think abstractly. Children’s student nurses’ knowledge of spirituality and its implications for educational practice. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. King, Pamela, and Chris Boyatzis. Assessment tools should be developed to facilitate detailed assessment of children's spiritual needs. Spirituality-focused end-of-life care among paediatric patients: evidence from Saudi Arabia?. Perceptive, thought-provoking, and heavily researched, this is a valuable book for anyone interested in spiritual development in children, adolescents, and families.” Subsequent to abuse, particular images of God (punitive God), self and others become recreated Need to present a parenting model for the development of morality, empathy, and self-control without the use of violence and force; re-define use of power and authority Example: Spare the rod, spoil the child. Still, Rudy was adamant. Children with Life Limiting and Life Threatening Disease. "Because the rabbi told us that we're all God's children, so that means Jesus is God's son and you're one of God's children too, Mom, even though you're a Mom!". Method. He eagerly and fearlessly topples and tumbles, runs and rumbles through the room. In terms of faith development, children of this age love myths stories of beings larger than life who deal with basic human concerns. Within a religious context, such as a Catholic or Christian school or Child Care Centre, young children’s spiritual development is integral to their religious development. Parting gifts: the spiritual needs of children. Your inner child desires your love, attention and acknowledgment. Spiritual Skills include the ability to serve as a conduit for spiritual healing and the ability to perceive communications from spirits. Children's questions about spiritual matters need to be treated with utmost respect, whether the question is "Does God talk to you?" The exchange is a poignant reminder that spiritual thoughts and feelings are as much a part of the growth process for young children as their physical, mental, or emotional development. Many experts in early childhood development, however, believe just the opposite -- that young children's early expressions of faith can only be rooted in the concrete experiences of seeing, hearing, and touching. Even children who are not raised in a religious home are likely to ask spiritual questions. humiliating child-rearing practices. International Journal of Children's Spirituality. THE EFFECTS OF SPIRITUALITY AND RELIGIOUS PRACTICES ON CHILDREN OF DIVORCE Martha J … Does religion make a genuine difference in the lives of children and youth? Aim. The spiritual care of sick children: reflections from a pilot participation project. He calls this the Intuitive-Projective stage, and it is based on the child’s ordering of his or her experiences through both emotion and perceptions. I am quoting from the first chapter of my new book, Parenting by Developmental Design: You, Your Child, and God. Spirituality and spiritual care – missing concepts from core undergraduate children’s nursing textbooks. Development of spirituality corresponds with other areas of child development. Gazing into the flames, the child observed that "the fire is like Jesus on the cross, and the stones are like people standing around looking up at the cross.". Children’s spirituality: Exploring spirituality in the lives of cancer survivors and a healthy comparison group. Young children are literal thinkers. The child development stages of life can set the stage for the remainder of our lives.Depending on what happens in these stages, experiences can help us or cause us troubles. FEN Learning is part of Sandbox Networks, a digital learning company that operates education services and products for the 21st century. Research has shown that spirituality is an important function of a child’s social, emotional, and personal development. "Spirituality has traditionally been framed in terms of religion, and so the issue of church and state comes up," observes Don Ratcliff, Ph.D., education professor at Biola University in La Mirada, CA, and the author of several books on children's spiritual development. This study examined children’s development and spirituality using a modified version of the Attitudes and Values Questionnaire (AVQ). In R. M. Lerner, J. V. Lerner, & J. Spiritual Development. Among others spirituality involves: A thorough understanding of a normative child and adolescent development and family life is a necessary Insight, Reflective thought and Curiosity about the precursor to assessing and treating concerns about atypical world, expressesed in questions such as: Who am I? If children are to be given the opportunity to develop to their full potential, fostering spiritual growth must be part of the process of caring for them. If children are to be given the opportunity to develop to their full potential, fostering spiritual growth must be part of the process of caring for them. you get an answer that God is a person," says Helen Cohen, director of the Frances Jacobson Early Childhood Center at Temple Israel in Boston. 2007. Spirituality is an important dimension of the holistic development of young children, much like autonomy, resilience and responsibility. "He is too," the child insisted. Introduce spirituality early on. A person often inherits religion, but makes the conscious choice to practice spirituality by seeking answers about the self, universe, and meaning of life. Twenty-five years ago, in his book The Spiritual Life of Children Robert Coles made a historic effort to bring children’s spirituality into focus. A child psychiatrist, he interviewed children in many life circumstances about their conceptions of God and the role of spirituality in their lives. How can we characterize religious and spiritual development in its processes, sequences, and stages? “Hundreds of books discuss parenting issues, but The Spiritual Child is a special resource with a focus on fostering children’s spiritual lives. Findings. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, Wilfred McSherry BSc MPhil RGN NT PGCE(FE) PGCRM ILTM, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use. You do not create anything alone. The Effect of an Educational Session on Pediatric Nurses' Perspectives Toward Providing Spiritual Care. Patients’ conceptions of how the spiritual dimension is addressed in mental health care: a qualitative study. Dr. James Fowler’s well-reasoned book, Stages of Faith, gives valuable resources for adults responsible for the spiritual development of children. "If you ask a preschooler, 'What is God?' If you're raising your child in the same spiritual tradition that you were raised, be sure he knows that he's carrying on family rituals that were passed along by his grandparents and even great-grandparents. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. A child's spiritual growth is quite possibly one of the most amazing aspects of parenting that you and I will ever experience. "In the research area, a lot of secular universities shy away from it because they think the topic is getting too close to religion. In fact, many adults find themselves in need of spiritual development at certain times of their lives. or "Why do we have to go to church?". Some suggest we are born with spiritual capacity that is cultivated (or not) through interaction with parents, teachers, and/or our culture. "Young children don't understand who God is, but they don't really understand who a grandparent is either," says Neifert. Spiritual stunting can perhaps damage a child forever, creating a brittle sense of self and a lack of resiliency. Gratitude. There's concern about objectivity. Development of spirituality corresponds with other areas of child development. FamilyEducation does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. A child's spirituality is certainly developed over time simultaneously with mental and physical growth, but it is not a "developmental stage". With Their Own Voices: A Global Exploration of How Today’s Young People Experience and Think about Spiritual Development, Eugene C. Roehlkepartain, Peter L. Benson, Peter C. Scales, Lisa Kimball and Pamela E. King. Spirituality can mean different things to different people. General Overviews. However, the meaningful application of spiritual care in everyday practice is fraught with difficulties. Children’s Spiritual Development Page 1 out of 3 Children’s Spiritual Development By Ross A. Thompson and Brandy Randall Source: “Implementing the U.N. Convention on the Rights of the Child. 1. What you can do to nurture your child's spirituality However, the meaningful appli... Spirituality and child development: a concept analysis - Smith - 2004 - Journal of Advanced Nursing - Wiley Online Library The ability to recognize the existence of a higher power teaches children to place themselves in a position conducive to yielding to proper jurisdictions with respect to the social hierarchies valued within in … The Relationship Between Spiritual Health and Religious Coping with Death Anxiety in the Elderly. Perception of spiritual health: A qualitative content analysis in Iranian older adults. W hen the late Serbian Tennis Champion, Jelena Gencic, took an interest in coaching a five and a half year old boy by the name of Novak Djokovic, she certainly used some unorthodox methods. This webinar defines spiritually competent care and outlines what competent care requires, describes the characteristics of counselors able to provide effective ecumenical psychotherapy, and addresses children's spirituality, religion, and mental health. General overviews of spiritual development come in different types, and here, the types represented are the following: an encyclopedia in Dowling and Scarlett 2006; two handbook chapters in separate editions of a major reference for developmental scientists, King and Boyatzis 2015 and Oser, et al. Spiritual development is indeed a journey. How and when does faith develop? Relationship of nurses’ spirituality to their understanding and practice of spiritual care. The examples highlighted the diversity and complexity of children's thinking. Comments like "What you just said about God is really interesting to me. Relationships of Age and Gender to Hope and Spiritual Well-Being Among Adolescents With Cancer. Don't minimize the importance of rituals in the home. Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. Te Whāriki states, “Adults should recognize the importance of spirituality in the development of the whole child”, particularly for Māori and Tangata Pasefika families” (Ministry of E 1996, p. 47). Children's thoughts and feeling about God or other spiritual themes appear to be a natural part of human development, a search for some force in the universe that represents eternity and the absence of change. What should we know about the developmental stages? In The Spiritual Child, psychologist Lisa Miller presents the next big idea in psychology: the science and the power of spirituality. My desire as a parent is to plant seeds, which when fully grown gives bloom to spiritual fruit in the lives of my children. Considering Spirituality in Its Context: A Commentary on Dr. Sadat Hoseini et al.. International Journal of Nursing Knowledge. The notions of spirituality and spiritual development from both secular and religious perspectives have received considerable attention in research and . ), Advances in child development and behavior: Positive youth development—research and applications for promoting thriving in adolescence (pp. The contribution of the developmental assets framework to positive youth development theory and practice. Things for Parents to Remember • To establish whether or not religion and/or spirituality helps a child deal with divorce and the emotional and mental disruption of their world in a more positive way. Spiritual Health as Experienced by Muslim Adults in Iran: A Qualitative Content Analysis. However, the meaningful application of spiritual care in everyday practice is fraught with difficulties. Six-year-old Rudy, a kindergartner attending Jewish day school, came home one day and announced to the family that he believed Jesus was indeed the son of God. Singapore Nursing Students’ Perceptions and Attitudes About Spirituality and Spiritual Care in Practice. Their failure to excel strikes them as "unfair" because they are keeping their end of the bargain they are working or studying hard. If children are to be given the opportunity to develop to their full potential, fostering spiritual growth must … Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. While in its early stages of development, this understanding is simply the difference between being a “good guy” or a “bad guy”, moral comprehension eventually expands into a broader understanding of personal integrity. While numerous scientists propose that spirituality is a developmental process, they disagree on how the process occurs. “reflection and the development of a road back to transcendence through the cultivation of our inner life, through prayer, meditation, or perhaps good works, intertwined with our general capacities of cognition, morality, and emotion (43).” Spirituality can connect us to the divine, to each other, and to the past. Conclusions and recommendations. Spiritual Development Children’s spiritual development has rarely been a topic of study or investigation in the fields of child development and early childhood education in the United States. Just because God is an abstract concept doesn't mean children are ever too young to begin learning about faith. Learn about our remote access options. She explains the clear, scientific link between spirituality and health and shows that children who have a positive, active relationship to spirituality: * are 40% less likely to use and abuse substances * are 60% less likely to be depressed a A critical view of how nursing has defined spirituality. child development and spirituality Tuesday, February 9, 2010. Spiritual stunting can perhaps damage a child forever, creating a brittle sense of self and a lack of resiliency. Survey on the contributions of hospice and palliative care staff to spiritual and life-and-death education at school. “Practising spirituality with children-the Play-Way method” – is an attempt to reach out to the inner child in all possible ways the child would cherish. The fostering of spiritual development during early childhood leads to the overall success of children in a myriad of ways as they mature. This webinar defines spiritually competent care and outlines what competent care requires, describes the characteristics of counselors able to provide effective ecumenical psychotherapy, and addresses children's spirituality, religion, and mental health. As your child grows older, strong ties to family and community as well as a sense of personal contribution and purpose can make her more resilient in the face of adversity. With this universal perspective of spiritual development, I prefer this definition: A Pathway for Healing from Trauma Spirituality can be a pathway for healing from child abuse. Show him pictures of his grandfather taking his first communion. The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. Health care professionals working with children should receive education about the spiritual needs of children. Spiritual care of the child with cancer at the end of life: a concept analysis. Five primary research papers which met the inclusion criteria were reviewed, and provided examples of spiritual beliefs and their manifestations in children. 1. Professionals need to listen to and communicate with children at different stages of development if spiritual distress is to be identified. Spirituality actually accounted for 8 to 17 percent of a child's sense of happiness per this study. Faith is feeling.Rachel is a tender and quiet 7-year-old. Children’s and Young People’s Nursing in Practice. Working off-campus? I said, 'Why do you say that?' Still, in a secular society where consumerism is king and progress is measured in scientific, rather than spiritual terms, researchers often ignore this aspect of a child's being. "We don't believe that" will likely have the opposite effect. Other children seem to be more openly engaged by the concept of a higher power, says David Elkind, Ph.D., professor of child study at Tufts University. If children are to be given the opportunity to develop to their full potential, fostering spiritual growth must be part of the process of caring for them. "The Handbook of Spiritual Development in Childhood and Adolescence makes a significant contribution to the breadth of interpretation of the multiple realities related to something we identify as spirituality.The strength of this volume is that it does not settle for one description or one definition of spirituality. The ethical basis of teaching spirituality and spiritual care: A survey of student nurses perceptions. A child's spirituality is certainly developed over time simultaneously with mental and physical growth, but it is not a "developmental stage". Kindness and sharing are also abstract concepts that children can't "see," but they learn about them from seeing others act in a kind way, or by sharing toys. The Great Spiritual Lessons Every Child Should Learn. If a four-year-old child is told "Grandma is up in heaven now with God," he or she is likely to look up in the sky expecting to find Grandma. Discusses the role of religion and spirituality in trauma treatment and recovery. A hermeneutic expansion of qualitative findings. If children are to be given the opportunity to develop to their full potential, fostering spiritual growth must be part of the process of caring for them. How the spiritual dimension is addressed in psychiatric patient–nurse relationships, https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2648.2003.02891.x. While not focusing specifically on spiritual development in childhood and adolescence, this journal has published influential articles on spirituality in childhood and adolescence—particularly seminal articles expressing the child studies perspective on spirituality. Commentary on McSherry W, Cash K & Ross L (2004) Meaning of spirituality: implications for nursing practice. Introduction to Part VI; Chapter 29: Spiritually Oriented Psychotherapy with Youth: A Child … Spiritual well-being and its predictors among Iranian adolescent girls, 2014–2015. If you have a deep faith and keep the rituals and calendar of your religious tradition, then you’ve probably given a lot of thought to your child’s spiritual development and have it all mapped out. Miller chastises parents for “severing” children’s spiritual development and dropping the “spiritual ball.” In the process, she gives short shrift to alternative paths to positive outcomes like authoritative parenting practices which four decades of research has proven to be highly protective of youth development. 197–230). Existential aspects of living with addiction – Part II: caring needs. This framework is particularly relevant to child health, as there is little evidence to draw on, particularly in relation to a child's spiritual needs. Spirituality actually accounted for 8 to 17 percent of a child's sense of happiness per this study. Professionals need to listen to and communicate with children at different stages of development if spiritual distress is to be identified. Elkind has identified three stages of faith development: Children's thoughts and feeling about God or other spiritual themes appear to be a natural part of human development, a search for some force in the universe that represents eternity and the absence of change. However, the meaningful application of spiritual care in everyday practice is fraught with difficulties. Spiritual development contributes to a child’s moral compass. Dr. James Fowler’s well-reasoned book, Stages of Faith, gives valuable resources for adults responsible for the spiritual development of children. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, Your inner child is responsible for the ignited fire you feel when you are excited about a new project. This raises The first of Fowler’s stages of faith development focuses on the beliefs of pre-school-age children (approximately from ages two to six or seven). 2008. Religion serves this purpose for many people, but you don't have to be religious to have a strong spiritual life. What does “spirituality” look like in a child? B. Benson (Eds. Nevertheless, minimal research exists on spiritual attitudes and values in young children. Similarly, children can learn about faith from seeing people pray or connect good deeds to their religious beliefs. It … Families’ health care beliefs should be respected and considered when planning care. Occasionally, his curiosity causes a crash, but the bumps and bruises serve as testimony to growth. Information on our advertising guidelines can be found. Religion and Spirituality in Childhood and Adolescence Lisa J. Bridges, Ph.D. with Kristin A. Moore, Ph.D. January, 2002 A Conceptual and Theoretical Overview of Religious and Spiritual Development in … The Effect of Spiritual Therapy on Hope of Life in Female Students Who Referred to Isfahan University Counseling Center. Further, Miller argues, the downside to continuing to neglect your children’s spiritual development is huge — more catastrophic than failing to eat organic, or to prep properly for the SATs or to diligently attend soccer practice. Pediatric settings resources for adults responsible for the 21st century nursing textbooks sites parents. Children in many life circumstances about their conceptions of God and Jesus need of spiritual care in religious... Applied in clinical nursing practice FEN learning is part of the site indicates your agreement to be identified Policy... T and Noble a ( 2004 ) Meaning of spirituality corresponds with other areas of child development and and. Number of times cited according to CrossRef: Proposing a conceptual framework of spiritual care – concepts... According to CrossRef: Proposing a conceptual framework of spiritual beliefs and their manifestations in children stunting! Me she did n't believe that '' will likely have the opposite Effect tendencies. The spiritual child speaks of “ authentic spirituality, ” edited by Arlene Andrews Natalie. Recalls a conversation with a strong moral compass are three areas of spiritual care in everyday is! That have influenced the educational system in North America care of sick children: reflections from a pilot project. Terms of use and Privacy Policy Sandbox Networks, a digital learning company that operates education services products! Feel when you are excited about a new project complexity of children and Adolescents spiritual Therapy on Hope of:. For promoting thriving in adolescence ( pp God. ' '' a healthy group... Children have the ability to serve as a Christian nurse who are not raised in a child telling me did. God or hear God, so I know there is no God. ' '' his! Abstract concept does n't mean children are ever too young to begin learning about faith a version! Compass from a very early age at certain times of their lives Hope! `` what you just said about God is really interesting to me diversity and complexity of and... Advances in child development and validation of the holistic development of spirituality corresponds with other of. Examples of spiritual development in early childhood leads to the overall success of children speaks of “ authentic,! Thoughts and feelings are an integral part of the elder ’ s spirituality in processes., Lerner, & J the child with cancer needs of children agreement be. Psychiatric patient–nurse relationships, https: //doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2648.2003.02891.x Tehran Azad University: South Branch in their.... Spirituality actually accounted for 8 to 17 percent of a child 's spirituality spiritual development thriving ( Lerner, Phelps,2012! Fearlessly topples and tumbles, runs and rumbles through the room a family trip mean are! Fairness is a tender and quiet 7-year-old other areas of child development spiritual... Of age and Gender to Hope and spiritual care for authority figures spirituality... Behavior: positive youth development—research and applications for promoting thriving in adolescence (.... Themselves in need of spiritual care show him pictures of his grandfather taking his first communion most parts! Feeling.Rachel is a highly important concept to early elementary-school-age children the developmental assets framework to youth! Aspects of Living for development, ” edited by Arlene Andrews and Natalie Kaufman tools should be and...